On March 23 and 24, 2020, Muvraline will be at UN headquarters in Geneva to present a conference at the “Cercle des psychologues francophones de la police” on the identification parades of suspects and the use of Artificial Intelligence.
The identification of individuals by eyewitnesses is an important element in court cases, especially in the American operating system where this testimony can be the central element in an individual’s accusation. Unfortunately, this identification is one of the most significant sources of miscarriages of justice (Innocent Project). These errors are often based on the absence of fair identification methods for the suspect: it is not uncommon for the suspects to be salient compared to the individuals chosen as distractors (for example, the witness describes the suspect as black , but during the parade only the suspect is black). Although it may seem easy to constitute a fair identification parade, research shows that police officers rarely succeed in achieving such a goal without training (Wogalter, Van’t Slot, & Kalsher, 1991).
In order to alleviate this problem, the assistance of an Artificial Intelligence (AI) could be one of the solutions taking into account the advances of research in psychology in this field. The objective of this conference will be to present in a general way the functioning of AI and the stages of an AI capable of producing a reliable identification display. The authors (Leïla Sadok 1 , Nicolas Rochat 2 and Samuel Demarchi 3) will also present the results of the first stages of the work of construction of this artificial intelligence.
1 . Rennes 2 University
2 . Muvraline France
3 . Paris 8 University
Innocent Project (2019, December 06). The Causes of Wrongful Conviction. Accessed at https://www.innocenceproject.org/causes-wrongful-conviction./
Wogalter, MS, Van’t Slot, LJ, & Kalsher, MJ (1991, September). Bias in Police Lineups and its Reduction by an Alternative Construction Procedure. In Proceedings of the Human Factors Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 35, No. 20, pp. 1561-1565). Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications.